Eye problems can range from mild to severe; some are chronic, while others may resolve on their own, never to appear again. The articles below will give you a basic understanding of some of these problems and their implications. The cardinal rule is if your eyes don’t look good, feel good or see well, you should visit your doctor.
- Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
Commonly called “lazy eye,” amblyopia can be treated successfully if detected early enough in childhood.
Often mistakenly called “stigmatism,” this common vision problem can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery.
Red, swollen eyelids and crusty debris at the base of your eyelashes are signs you may have blepharitis.
Cataracts are a common cause of vision loss after age 55. Surgical correction is safe and effective, and offers several new options for better vision.
- CMV Retinitis
AIDS or other diseases that affect your immune system can increase your risk of serious eye problems from cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection.
- Cornea Transplant
People with serious vision problems from an eye injury or disease affecting the front surface of the eye can often regain vision with a cornea transplant.
- Diabetic Retinopathy
If undetected or uncontrolled with medication, diabetes can cause serious vision loss, even blindness.
- Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is a common condition, especially in women over age 40. Many treatment options are available.
- Eye Allergies
Are you bothered by red, itchy eyes? You may have allergies.
- Floaters and Spots
“Floaters” are usually normal and harmless. But if you notice a sudden increase in floaters or floaters accompanied by flashes of light, see your eye doctor immediately.
Glaucoma is a variety of disorders in the eye that can lead to loss of vision and even blindness. The most common type of glaucoma is caused by a gradual and painless rise of pressure inside the eye.
Also called farsightedness, hyperopia is a common vision problem that can cause headaches, eyestrain and trouble reading.
This eye disease causes the cornea to grow thinner and bulge forward in an irregular cone-shape. Treatment options range from gas permeable contact lenses to a cornea transplant.
- Macular Degeneration
This age-related problem is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Americans age 65 and older.
Also called nearsightedness, myopia is a very common vision problem, affecting up to one-third of the U.S. population.
- Ocular Hypertension
You’ve heard of high blood pressure, but what about high eye pressure?
Pingueculae and pterygia are funny-looking words for growths on the surface of your eye.
- Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
This acute and contagious form of conjunctivitis is particularly common among preschoolers and school-age children.
Are you over age 40 and starting to hold reading material at arm’s length to see it clearly? You probably have presbyopia.
Ptosis is a drooping eyelid. Surgery is usually required to correct this problem.
- Retinal Detachment
A detached retina is a medical emergency. Learn the warning signs of a retinal detachment and what you can do to avoid permanent vision loss.
- Retinitis Pigmentosa
These inherited disorders, commonly abbreviated as RP, cause progressive peripheral vision loss, night blindness and central vision loss.
This common problem is simply an infected lid gland. Learn how to prevent and treat styes.
This inflammatory eye disease can cause permanent vision loss if not promptly treated.
- Additional Resources – Optometrist Sites